Kotageda which is often called Sargede is located in the southern part of Yogyakarta city.. The location previously used to be the islamic Mataram Kingdom.
Kotagede (also Kota Gede, Javanese for “Big City”) is a historic neighborhood in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The name was also used for the administrative district (kecamatan) of the same name in the City of Yogyakarta. Kotagede contains the remains of the first capital of Mataram Sultanate, established in the 16th century.
In this place, locates the;
1. Kings of Mataram Tomb Complex
About 100 meters to the south of Yogyakarta Kotagede traditional market, you will see a solid wall that houses the tomb of the towering figures of the king and the founder of the kingdom of Mataram. When entering the tomb complex, saw the gate to the characteristics of Hindu architecture.
In each of the gate is sturdy and thick doors are made of wood-carving size decorated beautifully. The guard of complex is called Abdi Dalem and dressed in traditional Javanese, in charge of guarding the tomb complex for 24 hours straight. The kings or leaders who are buried in the cemetery are Sultan Hadiwijaya, Ki Gede Pemanahan, as well as family of Panembahan Senopati.
2. Great Mosque Kotagede
Tracing the historical facts in the town of Yogyakarta feels less if we do not stopped by the Great Mosque Kotagede which is the oldest mosque in Yogyakarta.
Great Mosque Kotagede layout is still located in the same area with the Tomb of the Founder of Mataram Kingdom. It’s currently still opens to the public to prayers and worship.
3. Traditional House
Not far from the Tomb Complex Founder of the Kingdom, or more precisely accross the street in front of the tomb complex, you can see the original Javanese traditional house.
And if you walk about 50 meters further to the south, there is a low archway and hollow wall complete with a plaque that is written with a writing “Heritage”.
If you are going through the gate of the wall, you will be amazed by traditional houses of Kotagede which are still well maintained. Amazingly, these houses still has function as a residence.
4. Rumah Kalang (house of past time merchants)
Kalang houses are related with the growth of the Kalang people community in Kotagede. Kalang literally means “enclosed” or “fenced”.
Kalang people, or Wong Kalang, were a group of merchants who made settlement in the District of Kotagede. Even though the kalang people originally came from East Java and Bali, they are presumed to be the natives of Kotagede, which was the former capital of the Hindu Mataram Kingdom.
Kalang people, known for their artistic skills in carving wood and gold, moved to Kotagede when Mataram needed skilled laborers and builders.
Most of Rumah Kalangs in Kotagede are still occupied by the locals that still keep their original features.
5. Silver Handicraft
Of course, Kotagede is also well known of its traditional food and silver handicraft. There are a number of workshops where visitors are welcome to watch silver being transformed into beautiful works of art known as “Yogya Silver”.
Kotagede silversmiths grew since the establishment of Kotagede as the capital of Mataram. During that time, the traditional silver, gold and copper industries began to develop, dominated by the use of repoussé (embossing) techniques. The products of this region were to fulfill the need of household and ceremonial equipment for the royal family.
Let’s has a virtual tour to Kampung Kotagede with us here: